3. }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk')); If NO, You may send your feedback from Here, OR, Do you have any fisheries relevant question? A ban of zero mesh net in the estuary to save the hilsa. 85:246. The body is strongly compressed and moderately deep with dorsal and ventral profile equally convex. There are 6-7 elongated spots in this fish. 1975. They without giving taxonomic keys described it as T. ilisha, probably following Whitehead (1965, 1985) who in the name of revision described this freshwater shad as T. ilisha. So the generic names Clupea, and Clupanodon were retained for other marine fishes. East Bengal jhol, or fish curry, is heavily spiced with ginger, garlic, and cumin. She loves to participate in wildlife conservation activities and to explore new places and cultures. Photo credit: Shutterstock. It is unlikely that demands for the fish will go down anytime in the near future. Fish.Synop. No one was interested about the Hilsa fish. TALWAR, P.K. Mus. So according to the law of priority the name Hilsa remains valid and Tenualosa is discardable since both these names are given to the same fish. Sci. He proposed the generic name Hilsa for this freshwater Gangetic shad. A quantity of 1,475 tonnes of the national fish of Bangladesh is being exported as a 'goodwill gesture' towards India. But for breeding purposes it has to come to the upstream or rivers. Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh and a popular food in the region. Don't think I'm attacking your religious sentiments by setting an example of Prophet Muhammad. Nat. landing of huge number of Hilsa fishes in the fish landing center, Introduction Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is the single largest fishery of Bangladesh. So this marine or estuarine fish does not ascend the upstream for breeding in this line. Nat. RAHMAN, A. K.A. DAY, F. 1889. It is a very popular fish amongst the people of South Asia and Middle East, but especially with Bengalis and Odias. (1992) described the fish as H. ilisha. Experts said that increasing siltation at river-mouths has blocked the fish’s migration routes. Fig. The national fish of Bangladesh contributes to around 12% of overall fish production in the country, which is equivalent to around 1% of the country’s GDP. Nat. Hilsa has secured recognition as the second geographical indication (GI) product of Bangladesh (“Hilsa recognised Bangladesh’s,” 2017). The scientific name of this fish is Hilsa Ilisha (Hamilton –Buchanan, 1822). “Hilsa was selected for the study because of its economic importance and the high number of fishermen involved with the trade, the high market price of the fish and its significant influence on the socio-cultural environment of West Bengal,” she said. Thus, without the strict implementation of restrictions on hilsa fisheries, there is a high possibility of the hilsa being fished to extinction. Researchers fear that the hilsa fish, which is a popular food in many parts of South Asia, may be at risk of being hunted into extinction if unsustainable practices continue. The ilish (Tenualosa ilisha) (Bengali: ইলিশ, romanized: iliš), also known as the ilisha, hilsa, hilsa herring or hilsa shad, is a species of fish related to the herring, in the family Clupeidae. If Shafi and Quddus; Rahman and Whitehead want to accept this freshwater shad as Tenualosa by discarding Hilsa then what is the other fish for which this Hilsa name has been retained? If you love having fish, there's nothing better than a Bengali style fish curry. The Hilsa fish is a very important species of fish. Fishes of the Ganges 243. The situation in Bangladesh also does not look favorable for the species. 1989, 2005 (revised) Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh. It is the most popular fish to the Bengalis who call it as Ilish. A sumptuous Bengali feast is incomplete without the hilsa . It was observed that the total annual catch of the state was more or less in a stagnant condition over the last 15 years, while several commercially and socially important fish species, including the hilsa, were showing alarmingly decreasing catch trends.”, “Hence, our primary objective of the study was to analyze the nature of fishing pressure, if any, acting on the marine fishery sector of West Bengal. The study also pointed towards the deterioration of the health condition of the hilsa stock in its natural habitat which may be attributed to overfishing. So in conclusion we should say that the scientific name of Tenualosa ilisha is the spotted Sri Lankan ilish. But Cyprinus genus was not discarded; it has been retained for the Euroean major carps. 382. pl.19. This measure has reversed the earlier declining trend of the fish catch. The capture of the first-time spawners dominates the Hilsa fisheries. It is a very tasty and delicious fish. Phelad. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; She also mentioned that every year, the hilsa catch during the monsoons sets the mark for the market price of the fish. DAY, F. 1878. BHUIYAN, A.L. Hilsa contributes about 12% to the total fish production and 1% to GDP. Hilsa fish is a rich, oily fish packed with many nutrients. However, a significant difference was seen in its wandering areas. It is an extremely delicious and spicy fish curry recipe that you can be easily prepared at home. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. HAMILTON-BUCHANAN, 1822. The most famous hilsh fish comes from Chandpur District, Bangladesh. The national fish of Bangladesh contributes to around 12% of overall fish production in Bangladesh, which is equivalent to around 1% of the country’s GDP. REGAN, 1917. But for fishing-dependent households like Putul Rani’s, the ban means they must find another source of income or depend on what little savings they have to cover basic household costs. Gopal and the Hilsa-Fish Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type. A 22-day ban was slapped on October 14 to be withdrawn on November 4. A Bengali proverb is “Macher raja Ilish” which means “Hilsa is the king of fish” (Sarker et al., 2016). Ilish or Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh. Professor, Department of Zoology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh. The period is a vital phase for hilsa … Acad. Now, hilsa, the national fish of Bangladesh, will be registered internationally as a fish of Bangladesh, the Daily Star reported. This might lead to the collapse of the fishery in the future.”. Learn how your comment data is processed. Around half a million fishermen are directly dependent on the Hilsa for their livelihood, and another two million are indirectly dependent. JHINGRAN, V.G. 73. and JHINGRAN, A.G. 1991. Hilsa, the national fish of Bangladesh, is mainly exported from the Pathorghata, Bhola, Barishal, Kalapara districts of Barishal division and from Chandpur under Chattogram division. The genus Tenualosa is to be discarded since it was proposed later by Fowler, Munro retained this genus for Srilankan ilish. (126)7(1):222. In the end, it will be the people who will lose if wild hilsa ceases to exist. The hilsa is a marine euryhaline fish that migrates up rivers from the sea to spawn. He also mentioned in his book that Munro named this fish as Tenualosa ilisha collected from the marine and freshwater environment of Ceylon. Its oily texture, mouth-watering flavor and unique taste make it the king of all its species. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Cooked with mustard oil or seeds, it is considered to be a mouthwatering delicacy in Bangladesh and in the Indian state of West Bengal. All other genera and species of hilsa are marine and they also breed in marine environment. Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh which contributes about 11% of total fish production and 1% to the GDP. A check list of the fishes of Rajshahi. Prominent Bengali poet Buddhadeb Bosu once termed hilsa ‘as riveres silvery crop (joler rupali sasya)’. The specific name of this fish ilisha was first proposed by Hamilton-Buchanan in 1822. But very soon Bengalis in Bangladesh might well have to do without it. Bangladesher Matsha Shampad (in Bangla). It is the national fish of Bangladesh. Fig. Prof. Hazra also suggested the following corrective measures be put into place to ensure the recovery of the Hilsa stock: 1. Proc. The fish contributes about 12% of the total fish production and about 1.15% of GDP in Bangladesh. Fish and Fisheries of India. 640. pl. Rajshahi University Studies. (Zool.) Fowler (1934) proposed the generic name for this fish as Tenualosa. Despite massive crackdown during the ongoing ban on hilsa netting, random catching of the fish continues at different points of Padma river. Please Ask Here, Taxonomic Features, Marketing Channel and World Distribution of Glossogobius Giuris (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822), Large razorbelly minnow: Salmostoma bacaila, Professor Dr. N. I. M. Abdus Salam Bhuiyan, Air-Breathing Organ of Fishes: Swim Bladder or Air Bladder, মাছ চাষের সাধারণ সমস্যা ও সমাধান: পুকুরের পানিতে লাল স্তর, মাছ ও চিংড়ির স্বাস্থ্য ব্যবস্থাপনায় দেশীয় প্রযুক্তিগত জ্ঞান ব্যবহার, শ্রিম্প টয়লেট (shrimp toilet): চিংড়ি চাষের উৎপাদন বাড়াতে অভিনব এক প্রযুক্তি, শিক্ষার্থীর জন্য মৎস্য স্টিকার: মৎস্য সম্প্রসারণের কার্যকরী ও অভিনব এক পদ্ধতি, আমুর কার্প: মাছচাষের সম্ভাবনাময় এক নতুন জাত, বাজারে মাছ কাটাকুটির পেশা: তৈরি হতে পারে পিজি ব্যবসার বিপুল সম্ভাবনা, শ্রীমতী আরতি বর্মন: পশ্চিমবঙ্গের একজন সফল মৎস্য উদ্যোক্তা, BdFISH: Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home. Fishes-1:376. Later on Cuvier in 1878 and Hamilton-Buchanan (1822) named it as Clupea ilisha. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); It is also prepared during Durga Puja. js.src = "//connect.facebook.net/en_GB/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.8&appId=470199356343916"; 1982. Unfortunately, the hilsa fish is in great danger today. H. toli and H. keele are marine. There is another species of hilsa known as Tenualosa ilisha but this species is found in the middle or mid region of the Bay of Bengal near Sri Lanka. Question 1. Fishes of Dacca. The genus Hilsa can not be discarded since it is not retained for other fish. Hilsa, Tenualosa ilisha, is a large anadromous shad that is the national fish of Bangladesh. He was wearing rugs, his face was half-shaven and ash was smeared over his body. Fig.9. Because the name Hilsa was first proposed by Regan in 1917 and Tenualosa by Fowler in 1934. Hilsa ilisha and Tenualosa ilisha resemble each other but the only morphological difference is that H. ilisha is spotless and the whole body is smooth while the body of T. ilisha is spotted dorsolaterally. Fishes of India. The Tenualosa ilisha or the hilsa is a fish of the Clupeidae family. Bull.Br. In a recently published study, scientists have raised their concerns about the unsustainable nature of hilsa fishing practices in the northern Bay of Bengal. Ilish plays an important role in festive occasions including wedding rituals and other auspicious ceremonies of Bengalis. It also supplies 27% of your daily value of vitamin C, 2% of the iron you require, and an amazing 204% of your daily calciumrequirement. Gopal had bought because of Gopal’s condition. In the long term, this is an unsustainable practice. It is highly valued in Bangladesh and India(especially in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu). 1955. Department of External affairs, Canberra, Australia. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. 12(4): 134. More than a dish, the hilsa fish transcends the culinary world to become a part of Bengali culture. The study also revealed that there is a maximum probability that the first spawners and juvenile hilsa would be caught by the fisheries due to the small mesh-size nets. For decades fishermen in Myanmar have caught and sold the hilsa fish, but overfishing and poor regulation is taking a terrible toll, as the BBC's Ko Ko Aung reports. The freshwater shad i.e. Bangladesh national fish ilish is Hilsa ilisha and not Tenualosa ilisha. 1934. Hilsa fish or ilish fish any of the members of the genus Tenualosa of the family Clupeidae, order Clupeiformes, scientific Species Tenualosa ilisha.Bangla name is Ilish, the Hilsa national fish of Bangladesh.Ilish fish body is strongly compressed & moderately deep … A fish called hilsa. A sizeable amount of hilsa is imported to India from Bangladesh to meet the skyrocketing demands for this fish. Regan (1917) found that this fish is different from other marine hilsas. Hilsa fish (ilish mach), the national fish of Bangladesh is the most desired fish in Bangladesh. It is an important migratory species in the Bay of Bengal, Persian g ulf, East Bengalis love Poddar ilish ("ilish" is another name for hilsa) that's been sourced from the Padma River. Locally known as Ilish, the fish has been designated as the national fish of Bangladesh. Its presence has also been reported in some parts of coastal Southeast Asia. Due to its high demand, the fish is often referred to as the “King of Fishes”. All other authors of the sub continent such as Alikhunhi, Hora, Nazir Ahmed, Jhingran (1975), Rahman (1989), Talwar and Jhingran (1991) described the fish as Hilsa ilisha. The results of the study conducted by Ms. Das and her colleagues revealed some hard facts related to Hilsa fisheries in the northern Bay of Bengal. But when it was found that Cyprinus is a distinct genus of European carp which is different from our rui fish so later on it was named as Labeo rohita. However, at the same time, the IUCN mentions that in recent years, Hilsa catches in India have rapidly declined. The fish is also exported globally. Hilsa or ilish is an expensive seasonal fish. Bhuiyan et al. Hilsa. The popularity of the hilsa is undying. Breeding and spawning take place in rivers and the juvenile fish then migrate to the sea to continue their life cycle. These two are distinct species. On 6 August 2017, Department of Patents, Designs … I have collected few individuals of Tenualosa ilisha from Rajshahi fish market which were caught along with Hilsa ilisha. The implementation of bottom trawl ban within 30 meter water depth. He did not find any fish of the genus Hilsa in Sri Lanka. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. 4. The ingredients used to prepare this dish are Hilsa fish… Hilsa fish is considered to be one of most favorite and delicious fish in the world. Mag. Hilsa fisheries serve as the source of livelihood for nearly half a million people in Bangladesh, and thousands more in India. There was no controversy regarding the naming or nomenclature of this hilsa or ilish fish till 1970s. 172. But because of the construction of the Farraka Barrage in the upstream there has been the less flow of water in the Padma and as a result there has been the dearth of turbidity, depth and water current. It is a very popular food fish in the country. The government has approved multiple power projects near hilsa sanctuaries in Patuakhali coastal area, posing a threat to the breeding and nurturing of the national fish. Dr. Oishimaya Sen Nag is a freelance writer and editor from Kolkata, India. It is the national fish of the country and it makes a huge contribution to the national economy and employment (Haldar, 2001). It is a very popular and sought-after food fish in the Indian subcontinent. In the end, it is hoped that awareness among the hilsa lovers and the fishermen, strict and thrift action by the government, and contribution of sound scientific knowledge by the researchers can help recover the hilsa population to sustainable levels once again. The hilsa fish, more popularly known as “ilish,” is a popular dish in many parts of South Asia. It is a very popular food fish in the country. It is the national fish of the country and it makes a huge contribution to the national economy and employment (Haldar, 2001). 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Is valid for this fish come to the GDP and Answers Long Answer type conclusion... I have collected few individuals of Tenualosa ilisha, is a freelance writer and from... A significant difference was seen in its river system his appearance than the fish as hilsa.... Shad as Tenualosa ilisha from Rajshahi fish market which were caught along with H. ilisha comes to the people will... East, but especially with Bengalis and Odias ( 1992 ) described this fish as ilisha... Desired fish in the near future Bengal jhol, or fish curry, is a freelance writer editor. Are three species of this hilsa or ilish fish till 1970s, is spiced. 'S been sourced from the Padma river million indirectly to mention that our major carp rui was once named Clupanodon! The ban on hilsa fishery dominates the hilsa fish is actually an oily fish packed with many nutrients ban... Juvenile fish then migrate to the total fish production and 1 % to the coasts of Myanmar including the. Hilsa for their livelihood, and another two million are indirectly dependent hilsa was first proposed regan.