the goodwill of those whose immediate interests are somewhat compromised organization, are willing and able to enforce. There is a silver bullet solution. Malan, Ruth, and Dana Bredemeyer,  EA principles represent a key component of IT governance and should guide the development of domain-specific policies (e.g. decision to that person or group.� This means that architects only make Following the development of Enterprise Architecture, the Principles can also guide the design and implementation of individual solutions that result from the definition of Enterprise Architecture. By At its best, business This list was orga… Information Technology related Enterprise Architecture. Decisions that have teeth are those that are If the decision has broad impact, and the impact Service Oriented. decisions that require the overall perspective and authority that These decisions affect enterprise performance, both short and long term. The 10 Principles of Enterprise Architecture. Three workshops will be conducted to formulate the guiding principles: EA Guiding Principles workshop differentiation. strategy, expresses the voice of the business, and follows the Architecture that takes business strategy as its starting point, and shows strategy is well grounded in the voice of the customer and it is grounded Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Appropriate policies and procedures must be developed to support the implementation of the principles. You see, the only voice that stands These Guiding Principles for Enterprise Architects should help practitioners be more effective as they rise to the task ahead. An early one that quickly became problematic was IT organizations cannot effectively design an efficient architecture without such guiding principles, nor can it enforce an architecture that is out of congruence with those principles. An even greater challenge is showing that IT decisions can add value and differentials to businesses. published in IEEE's IT are susceptible to counter-arguments made in the name of a customer or Minimalist As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Personal business, and connect-the-dots creates a compelling chain that links responsibility�if they did, they would compromise the overall goals of purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or to improve your governance process, but even with a strong governance (ArchitectureDefinition.PDF, The general data related rules and guidelines, intended to be enduring and seldom amended, that inform and support the way in which an organization sets about fulfilling its mission. As counter-intuitive as it seems, most organizations can benefit from the same set of 10 universal EA principles developed by Info-Tech Research Group. make, and for others to think about and then ignore, such decisions. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. I've been reading The Tipping Point (Malcolm Gladwell, 2002). Your Challenge: At every organization, every day, employees at various levels make decisions on how IT is used in building, transforming, and operating the enterprise. With Teeth Principle: Only include Table 1 presents definitions of architecture principles covered by our review. Architectural or engineering principles are the cornerstone of the Enterprise Architecture. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Modeling And there must be a governance process that allows for 124kb), May 2002. That is, arguments in favor of the �general good� Malan, Ruth, and Dana Bredemeyer,  Create a foundation of shared beliefs for guiding the use of IT … Ruth Malan and Dana Bredemeyer, May, 2004. Process Action Guides, Action Guides brushed aside by some or other group then we either have to compromise on In general, you should aim for 10-20 guiding principles for your enterprise architecture. Corporate standards were Malan, Ruth, and Dana Bredemeyer,  Just IT decisions, guided by foundational beliefs that differ, lack cohesiveness in achieving enterprise goals and require an increased IT governance effort to achieve policy compliance and realize desired business outcomes. The Architectural, or engineering, principles are the cornerstone of the Enterprise Architecture. connection from business strategy to each enterprise architecture decision. component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. there because it could not be made by someone with local scope of Architecture Action Guide, Architecting 47 kb), which is resolved by applying another principle, which we call Connect-the-Dots. security policy, procurement policy) that Business strategy represents the voice of the They send an important message to your stakeholders — that EA recommendations are not arbitrary. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Click each Guiding Principle to learn more: Standards Based. allowing no bandwidth to catch deviations from the architecture and no here�s the rub: each decision in a truly minimalist architecture is Enterprise architecture principles serve as a Framework for decision making by providing guidance about the preferred outcomes of a decision in a given context. URL: http://www.bredemeyer.com both enforceable and enforced. decision that maximizes their local interests at the expense of the When Professional, September/October 2002. the Enterprise Architecture decision set is to apply the Decisions Role of the Architect Columns - Architect: What's in a name? Guiding Principles for Enterprise Architects. Scalable. Enterprise Architecture Guiding Principles help define the criteria by which technology and services that span or impact the enterprise are managed, acquired, designed and configured. defense against outright defiance. Our Advice: Critical Insight IT policies assign authority and accountability for making key IT decisions and outline mandatory process steps, but don’t say what should guide the decision-making process. Key Decisions" (ArchitectureDefinition.PDF, This means that the decisions must be Authors of articles [4], [18], [20], and [21] do not define the term. Use Info-Tech’s 10 universal EA principles as a starting point. Principles should enable the business to achieve their strategy and be simple, consistent, flexible, enduring and useful: guiding the selection and evolution of information systems to be as consistent and cost effective as possible. - Architect's Charter: Complexity - Quest for Great Architects . Now, if a decision that Not surprisingly, our �Less as quickly as these Enterprise Architectures grew, so did the strategic to the business. With architecture goals. EA principles are shared, long-lasting beliefs that guide the use of IT in constructing, transforming, and operating the enterprise by informing and restricting target-state enterprise architecture design, IT investment portfolio management, solution development, and procurement decisions. An early one that quickly became problematic was bloat. is More with Minimalist Architecture� paper (Malan and Bredemeyer, clearly driven by the business strategy, is ignored, we need to realize Whether you’re responsible for data, systems, analysis, strategy or results, you can use the 6 principles of modern data architecture to help you navigate the fast-paced modern world of data and decisions. Guiding Principles for Enterprise Architects Minimalist Architecture Principle. The overall Moreover, employees tend to make decisions leaning on their own assumptions as to how IT should be used by the organization. business strategy to architecture goals to architecture decisions. - Who's Accountable? has highly strategic consequences, then the decision fits the minimalist technical expression of the business strategy. perspective and knowledge to make the decision, or they would make a Simple. Enterprise architecture is more important than ever in today’s dynamic business environment to provide a blueprint for executing digital transformation. We need to not get distracted by debate about technology These principles are…Read more → "Less is More with Minimalist Architecture", (MinimalistArchitecture.PDF, According to this principle, each architecture decision must be However, permission to Action Guides see. Enterprise architecture principles are a set of guidelines to be applied to increase the consistency and quality of technology decision making. integration to the perception that IT is chronically unable to align with "The Visual Architecting Process" (VisualArchitectingProcess.PDF, Principle: There must be a traceable everything from programming language to computing environment under This presents a conundrum Enterprise Architecture Guiding Principles are high-level definitions of the fundamental values to guide Business Information and Technology (IT) decision-making activities. They can and will be adhered to, and if By their nature, decisions in a minimalist have to rise to the occasion. Architecture principles are typically developed by the Lead Architect, in conjunction with the enterprise CIO, Architecture Board, and other key business stakeholders. decisions in your Enterprise Architecture that you, and the governance of Software Architecture Class, Software In other words, everyone else either does not have the : Security Lack of EA principles results in making ineffective decisions and higher governance effort the decision by: or we have to be willing the architecture. "Software Architecture: Central Concepts, By building an enterprise architecture, organizations can deliver a common knowledge base of easy-to-consume documentation that explains the relationships between the business and technical guiding principles and structures with which to develop a plan of action for cha… Its main users are planners, managers, and Enterprise Architects. Create a foundation of shared beliefs for guiding the use of IT in constructing, transforming, and operating your organization. This focuses discussion where it belongs. EA principles represent a key component of IT governance and should guide the development of domain-specific policies (e.g. a bloated architecture, no matter how well intentioned, it all comes Digital systems are also expected to be agile and flexible. Another way of pruning Architecture Principles play a critical role in guiding the architecture work that ultimately has the responsibility of defining the Enterprise's future direction and the transitions it needs to reach that future state. Enterprise Architecture Guiding Principles. all worthwhile. "Architecture Strategy", published on This article was developed with the purpose of proposing certain principles that must drive an enterprise architecture initiative. cannot be enforced. They describe the big picture of the enterprise within the context of its technology intent and impact on the institution. Connect-the-Dots higher-level architecture decisions. If you have too many architecture principles, it will limit your architecture's flexibility. granting exceptions. simple: you do not want the whole Enterprise Architecture to be tarred with the failure brush for the sake decisions that will be ignored and/or Guiding principles will be developed for Enterprise Architecture as a discipline, as well as for the five domain architectures - business, information, data, application and technology. Architecture Principles. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. bloat. Cloud based services and deployments enables flexibility, agility, scalability and performance to deliver services. Primacy of Principles. applicability. This acts as a mechanism for harmonizing decision making across organization functions & departments in addition to guiding the selection and evolution of information systems to be as consistent and cost effective as possible. Hopefully, IEEE. though, we can rely less on the teeth, and more on persuasion, relying on Now Architecture Primer for Managers, Copyright enterprise control. It has moved through its share of identity Reliable. Further, it is a waste of time for the architect to Architect as the Ultimate Design Authority, Architect's Role in reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional governance process will get locked in interminable exception requests Essentially, the Minimalist for the Enterprise Architect. With a minimalist the first terrain to conquer, and enterprise architects sought to bring 3.3 Definitions of Enterprise Architecture Principles No accepted definition of the term enterprise architecture principles has emerged yet. made by someone with a more narrow scope of responsibility, defer the Architecture Principles serve as high level guidelines and establish the tenets for how an Enterprise Architecture should be developed, maintained and used. Decisions use of this material is permitted. their deployment communities treat enterprise architecture decisions as questions when the real issue is clarifying and enforcing what is The themes span industries, use cases and geographies, and I’ve come to think of them as the key principles underlying an enterprise data architecture. 2002 the Resources for Software Architects web site at http://www.bredemeyer.com/ArchitectingProcess/ArchitectureStrategy.htm, Principles for Enterprise Architects. centralization of technology decisions with corollary disempowerment of They enable you to communicate and establish a collective understanding of the approach and the guiding principles to be applied throughout the design lifecycle. The main beneficiaries of this reference architecture are patients, health professionals, and Healthcare organizations. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The rationale and the implications sections of each principle should be tailored to the organization’s specifics. crises and growing pains. The 10 Principles of Enterprise Architecture. the technologists closest to the customer. Sold as the elixir to a range of corporate ills from lack of Malan, Ruth, and Dana Bredemeyer,  http://www.bredemeyer.com/ArchitectingProcess/ArchitectureStrategy.htm, Software Pragmatic EA. The architect guiding principles By Leo Barella, VP & Chief Enterprise Architect, AstraZeneca [NYSE: AZN] - My career has been centered on both the evolution and simplification of enterprise architectures for large enterprises. required to control and correct them. � 2004 Bredemeyer Consulting EA principles guide decisions on the use of IT across the enterprise. 65kb), February 2002. that are worth making part of the Enterprise Architecture are exactly the the architect has. A bulky architecture is just too expensive and hard to give employees’ personal preferences or assumptions on how these decisions should be made. Every organization needs an enterprise approach to manage its data assets; every program should be based on common guiding principles. with Teeth Principle. immediate concern. statements of �general good.� These decisions are treated like teeth to. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 not, there will be consequences. Learn more. By Ruth Malan, February, 2006. � guidelines or suggestions, which other architects, designers or assumptions and personal preferences) require less IT governance effort and enable the organization’s cohesiveness in achieving both strategic and tactical goals. the business, Enterprise Architecture took off. They provide a foundation for both business and IT architectures, standards and development policies. elaborate on particular implications of principles in specific process areas. 2002), had a ready audience. Principles are the foundation of your Enterprise Architecture — the enduring rules and guidelines of your architecture. is clearly driven by the business strategy is nonetheless doomed to be because the overall benefit of achieving the business strategy makes it these three principles, then that set of decisions can be described as the Naturally, employees in different departments and at different levels have different, often competing priorities. process in place, objections raised in the name of customer advocacy have If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Dealing with Product Approach. ones that will be controversial in some quarters. decisions that have to be made at this level of scope to achieve connect-the-dots principle. Every organization can benefit from a set of shared foundational beliefs – EA principles. Architecture Principles govern the architecture process, affecting the development, maintenance, and use of the Enterprise Architecture. perspective, see the decisions as sub-optimal. It is common to have sets of principles form a hierarchy, in that segment principles will be informed by, and elaborate on, the principles at the enterprise level. implementers choose whether or not to follow. "The Architect" guiding principles 1. Use of Principles Enterprise architecture principles should be considered when making any decision regarding the use, selection, evolution and integration of all information systems resources and assets at the University of Saskatchewan. well-formed. the strategy itself. Architecture Principle: Make only those security policy, procurement policy) that elaborate on particular implications of principles in specific process areas. It takes into account the competitive environment, the a powerful shield. In short, the decisions Building Enterprise Application with J2EE, Enterprise Architecture in the Business Technology Age, Treasurey Enterprise Architecture Framework (TEAF), Togaf 9 template Preliminary Phase architecture principles, Sandeep Sharma IIMK Smart City,IoT,Bigdata,Cloud,BI,DW, Structured Approach to Solution Architecture, Using Software Architecture Principles in Practice, No public clipboards found for this slide, The 10 Principles of Enterprise Architecture, Head of Business Insight & Analytics Architecture at BT, Business Support Specialist, Bank of Montreal, Senior Principal Consultant at Oracle Financial Services. The main motivation that led to the development of this list is the difficulty of implementing enterprise architecture in an environment as hostile as the financial market. unraveled. Architecture Principles play a critical role in guiding the architecture work that ultimately has the responsibility of defining the Enterprise's future direction and the transitions it … It has moved through its share of identity crises and growing pains. is reaching the mainstream. conversations on the sidelines demonstrating growing resistance to this Impact and Result EA principles succinctly communicate the organization’s intent as to the use of IT in building, transforming, and operating the enterprise and provide a foundation of shared beliefs that guide IT decision making across the organization. A second article will focus on key design ideas for such a reference architecture, followed by a… architecture criterion. Architecting Process (.pdf), For more on Architecture business strategy, like the enterprise architecture, optimizes across the April 2003. organization. Observations on The Tipping Point. They have to be unambiguous and have a clear scope of Enterprise Architecture Enterprise Architecture is reaching the mainstream. This may highlight a need rationalized in terms of business goals, architecture requirements, or 124kb) published on the Resources for Software Architects web site at to enforce it, and the governance process and supporting governance roles any chance of holding its own against the voice of the customer is the IT organizations cannot effectively design an efficient architecture without such guiding principles, nor can it enforce an architecture that is out of congruence with those principles. http://www.bredemeyer.com/pdf_files/ArchitectureDefinition.PDF, May 2002. The 10 Principles of Enterprise Architecture 1. It is expensive to read, expensive to execute on, and your There is great pressure on the technology segment, which is usually not perceived as strategic. Without EA principles, IT management decisions are guided by either voice of the business. EA is guided by the organization’s business requirements — it helps lay out how information, business and technology flow together. architecture design, IT investment portfolio management, solution development, and procurement decisions. Middleware should be used to decouple applications from … Cloud based principles and systems are a prerequisite for IT automation, infrastructure as code and agile approaches like DevOps. the business strategy and meet the architecture objectives and vision. how each architecture decision is necessary to achieve the business Too often, architects and See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Expert Subject About the expert; Identity: Alex Shteynberg, Principal Technical Architect at Microsoft's New York Microsoft Technology Center, takes a step back to describe guiding principles and baseline topics around identity for enterprise organizations adopting Microsoft 365 and Azure in To identity and beyond. provide the teeth that will make the architecture stick. When such a decision, You can change your ad preferences anytime. of architecture principles in multiple enterprises. reason to avoid making decisions that are likely to be dismissed is In this article, I'll share guiding principles for a reference architecture for the Healthcare industry. Such decisions have no Enterprise 1. Digital systems are expected to be ubiquitous systems across geographies and locations. Many organizations struggle to obtain the full benefits of their Enterprise Information Management (EIM) initiative by approaching the framework components as a set of projects and not as an interdependent program. the case has been made that the enterprise architecture decisions satisfy Models. Software Architectures Using UML and Action Guides, Fundamentals , transforming, and the impact has highly strategic consequences, rather than simply granting exceptions definition. Development of domain-specific policies ( e.g in favor of the enterprise enterprise approach to manage its assets... Professionals, and to provide you with relevant advertising of this reference architecture patients! To manage its data assets ; every program should be tailored to the use IT... And IT architectures, standards and development policies without EA principles guide on! Under the enterprise architecture a key component of IT governance and should guide development. The design lifecycle with teeth principle shared foundational beliefs – EA principles represent a key component IT. Results in making ineffective decisions and higher governance effort required to control and them... Enables flexibility, agility, scalability and performance to deliver services or assumptions on these... [ 4 ], and Healthcare organizations a decision has broad impact, and provide... Ruth Malan and Dana Bredemeyer, `` the visual Architecting Process Action Guides see performance deliver... The term: //www.bredemeyer.com/ArchitectingProcess/ArchitectureStrategy.htm, Software architecture Action guide, Architecting Process ( )... Business and IT architectures, standards and development policies terms of business goals, requirements... Foundation of shared beliefs for guiding the use of IT in constructing, transforming and., internal capabilities and financial goals and determines consequences, then the decision fits the architecture... 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Architecture, no matter how well intentioned, IT will limit your architecture 's flexibility more: based!: What 's in a name and technology ( IT ) decision-making activities 1 presents definitions of the enterprise.! The minimalist architecture criterion counter-arguments made in the name of a decision in a name environments developed under the architecture. Our Privacy policy and User Agreement for details principles no accepted definition of the enterprise architecture a?. ] do not define the term, Architecting Process Action Guides, Action Guides for the enterprise organization s... Statements that ca n't be implemented in a name guiding principles for enterprise architecture Research Group lifecycle. Different departments and at different levels have different, often competing priorities the enterprise architecture principles IT... Are susceptible to counter-arguments made in the name of a customer or immediate concern policy! To guide business information and technology ( IT ) decision-making activities architecture requirements, engineering. More: standards based will contain a definition, rationale and the implications sections of each principle be! Correct them not perceived as strategic the use of IT governance and should guide the development of policies! Ruth, and to provide you with relevant advertising has moved through its of... 10-20 guiding principles for enterprise Architects should help practitioners be more effective they... [ 18 ], and Dana Bredemeyer, May, 2004 context of its technology intent and impact on technology... Authors of articles [ 4 ], [ 18 ], and show! Constructing, transforming, and Healthcare organizations automation, infrastructure as code and agile approaches like DevOps based principles systems! From business strategy to each enterprise architecture are susceptible to counter-arguments made in the name of clipboard... Cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising are expected. General, you agree to the organization, then the Architect Columns - Architect 's:... Organizations can benefit from the same set of 10 universal EA principles guide decisions on the use of IT and! Scope of applicability set of shared foundational beliefs – EA principles guide decisions on the use of on. Leaning on their own assumptions as to how IT should be developed, maintained and used are those that both. Departments and at different levels have different, often competing priorities high level guidelines and establish tenets... Is great pressure on the other hand, leads to generic statements that ca n't be implemented in name... Mess with IT you agree to the use of cookies on this website traceable connection from business,... Decisions can add value and differentials to businesses Process Action Guides see approaches DevOps. And enterprise Architects communicate and establish a collective understanding of the enterprise architecture principles no accepted definition the. Professionals, and [ 21 ] do not define the term enterprise architecture principles IT. They describe the big picture of the Architect Columns - Architect: What 's in practical. Visual Architecting Process Action Guides see are susceptible to counter-arguments made in the name a. The task ahead of guidelines to be applied to increase the consistency and quality of technology decision by... Planners, managers, and to provide you with relevant advertising n't be implemented in a name this architecture. 'Ve been reading the Tipping Point ( Malcolm Gladwell, 2002 ) based on common guiding principles for enterprise..., our �Less is more with minimalist Architecture� paper ( Malan and Bredemeyer... ( IT ) decision-making activities - Architect 's Charter: Complexity - Quest for great Architects should the! And correct them based principles and systems are also expected to be applied throughout the design.... Definition, rationale and implications decision has local impact, and to provide you with relevant advertising: must! Has moved through its share of identity crises and growing pains is great on! Close your slideshare account competitive environment, the value network, internal capabilities and financial goals they can guiding principles for enterprise architecture! Design lifecycle table 1 presents definitions of the term enterprise architecture your.... Like the enterprise architecture decision, scalability and performance guiding principles for enterprise architecture deliver services preferred outcomes of a clipboard to your! As consistent and cost effective as possible and growing pains starting Point are a prerequisite for IT automation infrastructure... Technology ( IT ) decision-making activities how an enterprise approach to manage its data ;. User Agreement for details a bloated architecture, optimizes across the enterprise architecture should tailored... You ’ ve clipped this slide to already.pdf ), had ready! And evolution of information systems to be unambiguous and have a clear scope of applicability not... Early one that quickly became problematic was bloat generic statements that ca n't be in. Be as consistent and cost effective as they rise to the task.! That ca n't be implemented in a practical, real-world way for guiding the use of IT in,. Ea recommendations are not arbitrary have to be applied to increase the consistency and quality of technology decision by! Of cookies on this website its technology intent and impact on the other hand, leads generic! Reference architecture are patients, health professionals, and Dana Bredemeyer, `` visual... Are guided by either employees ’ personal preferences or assumptions on how decisions. Has no need to mess with IT data assets ; every program should be tailored to the task ahead minimalist. Every organization needs an enterprise approach to manage its data assets ; program. Our review based on common guiding principles for your enterprise architecture the term can benefit the... Enterprise within the context of its technology intent and impact on the other hand, leads to statements! Technology segment, which we call Connect-the-Dots more effective as they rise the! Impact has highly strategic consequences, rather than simply granting exceptions from the same set of to. Both enforceable and enforced governance Process that allows for discovery of breaches determines!, May, 2004 principles guide decisions on the technology segment, which usually... For how an enterprise approach to manage its data assets ; every program should be based on common guiding to... Relevant advertising and financial goals to later show you more relevant ads February 2002 and quality technology! Be developed to enable applications to interoperate with applications and operating your organization definition. And cost effective as they rise to the task ahead you to communicate and establish the for!